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September 2017

Falha renal crônica em cães: sintomas e maneiras de gerenciá-los

 Por lucy em 26 Sep 2017 |
2 Comentário (s)
You dog’s kidneys regulate his blood pressure, sugar levels and volume along with the water composition of his body, his red blood cell count and certain hormones. With so many vital roles to play, his kidneys are crucial to his health. It may come as a surprise, then, that the signs of chronic kidney failure often develop so slowly that they’re overlooked until it’s too late to cure the disease.   There are two types of kidney failure in dogs: chronic and acute. While acute kidney failure develops suddenly due to an event, such as ingesting antifreeze, or an underlying condition, like a bacterial infection, chronic kidney failure happens gradually. While renal failure has often progressed so far by the time symptoms show that a full recovery isn’t possible, there are ways to manage symptoms and slow progression of the disease.   Symptoms of chronic kidney failure include vomiting, lethargy, diarrhea, depression, weight lost or loss of appetite, extreme thirst, increased urination or urine that is overly concentrated or diluted. In extreme cases, blindness, seizures, comas and blood in the urine indicate renal failure. While canines of any age can suffer from kidney disease, it is most common in older dogs. Some breeds, such as German Shepherds and English Cocker Spaniels, are more susceptible to kidney disease, too. Causes of kidney failure include blockages of the urinary tract, certain prescription drugs, lymphoma and diabetes. Unfortunately, symptoms of chronic renal failure often develop so slowly that by the time they’re evident, it’s too late to effectively treat the disease. It’s still important to take your dog to the veterinarian, however, for bloodwork and diagnosis. If your pet is diagnosed with chronic kidney failure, there are effective ways to manage his symptoms and slow progression of the disease.   Because chronic renal failure is progressive, diagnosed dogs need to be monitored with frequent veterinary check-ups. This helps keep your pet up-to-speed on his medications and diet, which may need to change with the disease. Fluid therapy is the foundation for treating kidney disease as dehydration is a major concern for dogs with the condition. Special diets low in protein, phosphorus, calcium and sodium and high in potassium can help slow the progression of the disease, and supplements can also improve your dog’s nutritional uptake while limiting some of the secondary symptoms of kidney disease, such gastric ulcers. Make sure your pet has constant access to fresh water and monitor his uptake: If he starts drinking less water, you may need to use IV fluids to keep him hydrated. With proper treatment, some dogs diagnosed with chronic kidney failure experience several weeks to years of stability.

Por que meu cachorro está perdendo o cabelo?

 Por lucy em 21 Sep 2017 |
2 Comentário (s)
Hair loss is a common problem in dogs and can affect your pet’s skin, as well as his endocrine, lymphatic and immune systems. When dealing with alopecia—the technical term for balding—in pets, the most important step is identifying the underlying problem. Then, you can treat it.   One of the most common causes of canine hair loss is allergies. Dogs can be allergic to all sorts of substances, from pollen and mold to parasites such as fleas and mites. Your pet may also suffer from a food allergy or nutritional deficiency, which can stress his body and lead to balding. Mange, which is caused by the demodex mite, is a common culprit behind alopecia and can be treated with your veterinarian’s guidance. Because many dogs experience hair loss due to a flea allergy, veterinarians recommend giving Fido a regular flea preventative to keep parasites at bay. Scratching, itching and biting are common symptoms of canine allergies and your veterinarian can run tests to determine which specific allergens are bugging your pet.   While common infections and infestations often cause hair loss, balding can also be a symptom of disease in dogs. Cushing's disease occurs when a dog’s body tissues are exposed to high levels of the stress hormone cortisol over a prolonged period of time. Symptoms include hair loss as well as darkened skin and a pot-bellied appearance. Usually a disease found in older dogs, Cushing’s can also effect younger pups that are given too many corticosteroid drugs used to relieve pain and inflammation. Other hormonal disorders that can cause hair loss include Addison’s disease, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, hyperestrogenism in females and hypoandrogenism.   Dogs also experience hair loss as a reaction to certain medications, such as chemotherapy drugs or vaccines, and anxious pets are prone to losing their hair as a result of chronic stress. Fungal infections such as ringworm can lead to alopecia that occurs in circular or irregular patches, which also causes infected sores around the rings. Like humans, dogs can get bed sores that cause them to lose their hair, too. These localized injuries often emerge on pets’ elbows, hips and other bony parts, so be sure to provide your pet with plenty of thick, well-padded sleeping surfaces and wrap sores to help them heal.   Although hair loss can be a cause for concern, some dogs are simply predisposed to balding. If you’re worried about your pet’s alopecia, visit your veterinarian to discover the underlying cause. While hair loss cannot always be prevented, providing your pet with a clean, low-stress environment and high-quality kibble can help him maintain a healthy coat.

Jóias Pet

 Por lucy em 07 Sep 2017 |
2 Comentário (s)
Human beings have been wearing jewelry for over 100,000 years – much longer than we've kept domestic cats and dogs (70,000 years and 14,000 years respectively). We wear jewelry for all kinds of functions, from displaying social status to religious commitment to pure aesthetic value, and we put them on our pets for some of the same reasons. From the Roman Lucius Lucinius Crassus' moray eels with necklaces to Paris Hilton's chihuahuas with diamond-encrusted collars, we've been dressing up our pets for generations.   One function of jewelry is for identification. If someone is wearing a wedding ring, it's safe to assume they are married. If a dog is wearing a collar, it probably isn't a stray – if it has a name tag on the collar, it almost certainly isn't! A dog tag is the ultimate in functional pet jewelry, and it can be as pretty or as plain as you like. A wide range of materials and designs are widely available from stainless steel to gold to suit your tastes and your pooch's personality. It's just like a pendant with a name on!   Cat collars, like dog collars and tags, let others know that your cat has a home to return to and where their owners can be found if they get lost. Fewer than 2% of missing cats are returned to their owners and a collar and tag can go a long way in making sure they find their way home. Like tags, collars can be fun and unique as well as practical, just like jewelry. From luxury leather to dazzling bling, there's a collar out there for your cat that is every bit as fabulous as a human necklace. As long as it fits well enough that your cat can't slip it off or get something stuck in it, or has a snap-off mechanism if your cat is an avid climber and you're worried about it getting caught in a tree, your cat can be both spectacular and safe.   So why do some people like to dress their pets in jewelry? Because it looks cute! There are all kinds of cute pieces of jewelry just for pets that can be attached to your pet's collar and clothing. Extra charms can be added to the same clip on your pet's collar, just like a human charm bracelet. Sliding letters slipped on your pet's collar spelling their name can be one step further to a perfectly personalized pet accessory – though this should be in addition to a standard tag with your contact details, just in case they get lost. If your pet wears clothing, they can flaunt pet brooches. Add a sliding bow or flower onto a collar to add some color and style to your pet's daily look.   Pet jewelry can be fun and fabulous, but practicality has to come first. However, that doesn't mean practical can't also be eye-catching and stylish, as long as it is also comfortable for your pet to wear. If they seem to be experiencing discomfort – scratching at their collar, trying to remove it, or otherwise showing signs of uneasiness – swap the collar out for something simpler, and consider saving the showpieces for special occasions.
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